“The man of righteousness tends to be so sure of his own motives that he does not need to inspect consequences.” – Robert Penn Warren
Let me start off by stating that I am not a gun owner. I did not grow up in a gun owning household, nor in a particularly “pro-gun” community – I don’t even like westerns or war movies. Put simply, I have a hard enough time properly operating the space heater in my bedroom that owning a gun seems like a bit of a leap. On a personal level, I am not very interested in guns; however, I am very interested in free choice and public safety. And in the event we choose to encroach on the former for the sake of the latter, we ought to be certain we will see the results we had intended.
If you do a little homework on the issue of gun control, there’s one argument you’ll find conspicuously absent amongst criminologists: “more guns equal more crime.” There’s not one serious academic I could find making this claim, as it seems to be no more than an emotional, knee-jerk reaction to a very complex problem. This is quite understandable: I once held the same belief myself – after all, it does seem almost intuitive. On the other hand, it also seems intuitive that heavier objects would fall faster than lighter ones, that the earth would be flat, and that bans on drugs would reduce drug use. However upon further investigation, we find that which is immediately obvious isn’t always true. The perplexing truth is that more guns do not equal more crime. In fact, there’s evidence to suggest more guns produce the opposite result. The academic debate is between the issue of increased gun ownership decreasing crime or having no effect at all.
One constant figure in the gun-control debate is John Lott, author of “More Guns, Less Crime.” You’ll find in an article on “Gun Rhetoric vs. Gun Facts” at FactCheck.org that one of Lott’s most ardent critics is a man named John Donohue III. Donohue routinely cites a report on Lott’s work provided by the National Academy of Sciences, which, according to Donohue, took issue with Lott’s conclusions. There are a few problems with citing the findings of this council: first, their conclusion is often taken as a refutation of Lott – which it isn’t. As the report states,
“the committee concludes that with the current evidence it is not possible to determine that there is a causal link between the passage of right-to-carry laws and crime rates.”
Second, using this report as the single, categorical unraveling of Lott’s conclusions ignores all other academic groups and peer-reviewed journals, of which there are many, that have similarly scrutinized Lott’s work and deemed it valid and scholarly. It is only one opinion – Donohue never mentions any others. Luckily, the internet is a beautiful place, and I was able to find a fantastic debate on the topic of gun control, in which both Lott and Donohue took part. You can see Lott directly address Donohue’s criticism’s below:
And again here:
The NAS report is addressed once more here.
If you’ve the time, I strongly suggest watching the entire debate. Some pertinent facts I took away from the debate:
- Guns are used defensively 4 to 5 times more often than to commit crimes.
- 50% of U.S. counties have 0 murders in any given year.
- 25% of U.S. have 1 murder per year.
- Over 70% of total murders are concentrated in just over 3% of U.S. counties.
- During the same period of time, off-duty Florida police officers were arrested and convicted of crimes at a rate of about 4 times as often as concealed carry permit holders.
One fair question on the part those in favor of gun regulation is, “Why not just remove assault weapons to prevent these awful massacres? What do we have to lose?”
Firstly, the ban an assault weapons is purely cosmetic. Military grade, fully-automatic weapons are already heavily regulated, and were not the weapons used in any of the recent mass shootings. What’s worse is that the anti-gun movement is deliberately using “gun illiteracy” to their advantage. A quote from a report released by the Violence Policy Center:
“The weapons’ menacing looks, coupled with the public’s confusion over fully automatic machine guns versus semi-automatic assault weapons—anything that looks like a machine gun is assumed to be a machine gun—can only increase the chance of public support for restrictions on these weapons.”